If you feel some symptoms such as permanent loss of appetite, indigestion, and heartburn, it may be because you suffer from bacterial gastritis or the so-called H. pylori! What is the stomach germ? How is stomach infection transmitted? And what are the symptoms of infection? How are complications diagnosed?
Bacterial gastritis affects 50% of the world's population and 70% of the Moroccan population. Bacterial gastritis is the main cause of stomach ulcers, gastritis, and stomach cancer.
To learn about stomach germs:
Helicobacter pylori is a spiral-shaped bacterium, also called Helicobacter pylori, whose characteristics are that it is the only one that can live in an acidic environment thanks to its ability to hide in the lining of the stomach, and thanks to the secretion of substances that protect it from acidic juices.
Howaares stomach germs transmitted?
Saliva and eating contaminated food or drink, especially during childhood, is the common way of transmission of stomach germs, and the germ lives inside the stomach for long periods without the patient’s knowledge, and symptoms may not appear until years later and last for life if not treated.
Symptoms and signs of bacterial gastritis:
Many signs warn a person of the risk of infection with stomach germs, including:
- Nausea (the urge to vomit).
- Feeling of bloating.
- Stomach pain when the stomach is empty.
- stomach acidity;
- Bleeding (vomiting blood or black stools).
- Bad smell from the mouth.
- Weight loss.
Methods for diagnosing bacterial gastritis:
To bacterial gastritis, you should go to a gastroenterologist or a general practitioner when you feel the previous symptoms, to undergo some tests and medical examinations that contribute to the early detection of stomach germs, including:
- Stool test.
- Stomach germs blood analysis.
- Breath test for stomach germs.
Only the doctor can choose the correct and appropriate method of diagnosis according to the age, duration of the injury, and the severity of the symptoms.
Complications of bacterial gastritis:
- Chronic inflammation of the stomach lining (chronic gastritis).
- Gastric ulcers: In about 10% of people infected with H. pylori, according to the Mayo Clinic.
- Stomach cancer: in about 1% to 3% of people infected with H. pylori, according to Spandidos publications.
Ways to avoid infection before infection and after treatment:
- Wash hands well, especially after bathing.
- Wash fruits and vegetables.
- Stay away from unclean food and water.
Treating stomach germs permanently: how is it?
Is it possible to cure stomach germs permanently? What are the medical and natural methods that may help to get rid of stomach germs? Important information is below.
Is it possible to cure stomach germs permanently?
The answer to this question is yes, but it may require you to undergo a treatment program and medical follow-up that may require the following:
- Commitment to taking several pills of medication may exceed ten pills per day throughout the treatment period. There is no specific treatment that can eliminate stomach germs, so doctors usually subject the patient to a treatment program that includes several types of medications. Taking medications intended to treat the condition for a period ranging from 1 -2 Weeks.
- Undergo certain tests 1-4 weeks after completing the medication prescribed by the doctor, to ensure that the body is completely rid of the germ.
- Undergo another course of treatment if the first course of treatment has not worked. In the second course of treatment, the doctor may resort to a mixture of drugs that is different from the mixture used in the first treatment course.
Treating stomach germs permanently with medicines
These are the medicines that are commonly used to treat H. pylori permanently:
Two different types of antibiotics are usually prescribed during the treatment period, as this may increase the chances of successful treatment, and may reduce the chances of the patient developing antibiotic resistance.
Scientists have noticed an increase in the number of people whose bodies have developed immunity to antibiotics among stomach germs, so it is very important to follow the doctor's instructions while taking antibiotics designed to treat the disease.
These are some types of antibiotics that the doctor may prescribe: Amoxicillin, Clarithromycin, and Tinidazole.
2. Medications that inhibit stomach acid
During treatment, the doctor may prescribe certain medications to reduce stomach acid production, and the purpose of these medications is to speed up the recovery of the stomach lining from any problems caused by stomach germs, such as ulcers.
Examples of stomach acid-suppressing medications that your doctor may prescribe include:
- Proton pump inhibitors: These drugs prevent the stomach from producing acids, an example of which is omeprazole.
- Histamine (H-2) blockers: It works by inhibiting the production of a certain substance in the body called histamine, and this substance may stimulate the production of some acids in the digestive system. An example of these drugs is cimetidine.
- Bismuth subsalicylate : This type of medicine surrounds the ulcer areas in the stomach with a substance that protects them from the effects of stomach acids.
The treatment program for patients with stomach germs
These are examples of the treatment program that may be followed for an H. pylori patient:
1. Quadruple therapy
During which the patient is given the following medicines for 14 days:
- A proton pump inhibitor medication once or twice daily.
- The following antibiotics were taken 4 times a day: metronidazole at a dose of 250 mg, and tetracycline at a dose of 500 mg.
- Bismuth subsalicylate 4 times daily, at a dose of 524 milligrams.
2. Triple therapy
During which the patient is given the following medicines for a period ranging between 10-14 days:
- A proton pump inhibitor medication once or twice daily.
- One of the following types of antibiotics: amoxicillin twice a day at a dose of 1 g, or metronidazole 4 times a day at a dose of 250 mg.
- The antibiotic clarithromycin twice daily at a dose of 500 milligrams.
What about treating stomach germs at home in natural ways?
Stomach germs cannot be completely cured using natural recipes and home methods, but the use of some natural recipes along with the medicines prescribed by the doctor and after consulting him may help to treat the condition.
These are some of the home and natural methods that may contribute to the treatment of stomach germs:
- Take a bath in water in which a small amount of Epsom salt has been dissolved once a week. And
- Consuming certain types of drinks, such as green tea, diluted apple cider vinegar, olive oil, and cranberry juice.
- Eating certain types of foods, such as aloe vera gel, broccoli sprouts, honey, garlic, and sources of probiotics.
Secondary symptoms of stomach germs
Symptoms that are also caused by H. pylori:
- Excessive belching.
- sudden weight loss
- Not feeling hungry.