Learn about weak immunity, its causes, symptoms and treatment methods

 The immune system is the most important system in the human body that works to protect the body from diseases and attack any foreign bodies that may enter it, and cause damage and harm, but sometimes some disorders can occur that result in weak immunity and thus prevent the body from fighting pathogens. As is the case in infection with some types of bacteria, viruses, parasites, and others, which weaken the body and make it more susceptible to disease.

Learn about weak immunity, its causes, symptoms and treatment methods

Symptoms of weak immunity

Symptoms of weak immunity that can occur are:

  1. Infection with some recurrent infections in the airways and lungs, and some infections that affect the ear, nose, and skin on an ongoing basis.
  2. Frequent exposure to infections.
  3. Digestive problems, including loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, and diarrhea.
  4. The occurrence of blood disorders such as a decrease in the number of platelets and the occurrence of anemia and anemia.
  5. Dryness in the eye area.
  6. Feeling very tired and exhausted.
  7. Constant headache.
  8. The appearance of rashes.

 Causes of weak immunity

 The reason for weak immunity is due to many reasons, some of which are inherited, and some are acquired, and there are two types of immunodeficiency disorders, which are as follows:

  1. Primary immunodeficiency disorders, which are congenital disorders that a child is born with.
  2. Secondary immunodeficiency disorders, which are acquired disorders and are more common than primary disorders and occur to a person during his life stages.
  3.  We will address the most important causes of weak immunity through the following lines:
  4. Poor nutrition and lack of interest in eating healthy foods that contain nutrients beneficial to health and strengthening immunity.
  5. Old age, where the chance of infection, cancer and autoimmune disorders increases as a result of age.
  6. Taking some types of drugs that may affect the efficiency of the immune system, such as: drugs that target the immune system, immunosuppressive or biological drugs, in addition to chemotherapy and radiation in
  7. Cancer cases such as: leukemia, and lymphoma in particular, in addition to exposure to some other conditions such as: rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, inflammatory bowel diseases, psoriasis and other diseases that weaken immunity.
  8. Infections, including influenza and measles, which are one of the reasons that may weaken the immune system for a short period, and acquired immune deficiency syndrome known as AIDS.
  9. Having some types of cancer may weaken the immune system in the patient's body when it spreads in the bone marrow.
  10. splenectomy; Which loses its function in helping to protect the body from disease and infection, which leads to weak immunity and failure to protect the body from most types of bacteria, germs and other viruses.

Other symptoms of weak immunity

Weak immunity may also suffer from many problems, such as: oral ulcers, chronic gum problems such as frequent gingivitis, frequent ear infections as well, in addition to bacterial infection caused by staphylococcus bacteria, which causes pus-filled sores, which eventually may cause suppuration. The skin, in addition to a viral infection that affects the skin and causes large warts, and other symptoms and signs that indicate a weak immune system are as follows:

  •  Fever and chills.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Lose weight.
  • Abdominal pain, which may be the result of an enlarged liver or spleen.
  • Bacterial infection or any other infection that leads to a critical and dangerous condition of the patient unexpectedly, as it usually does not cause this danger.
  • Failure to respond to the infection treatments used, and complete recovery from the disease is delayed.
  • Kaposi's sarcoma or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
  • Chronic diarrhea and failure to thrive, a condition that means delayed growth and organ development in infants and young children.
  • Increased risk of developing other diseases, including the following:
    • Autoimmune diseases.
    • Inflammation of the internal organs of the body.
    • blood disorders.

Information about weak immunity

Immunodeficiency is the state of the immune system’s inability to perform its functions as it should, and fighting infection and protecting the body from various microbes is the main function of the immune system, and in the event of any disorder or weakness in this system, a person is more likely to contract various types of infections that they cause. These different microbes, and consequently, the chance of infection increases at a rate more than normal as we mentioned, and it takes a longer period to recover from them, and in fact there are many reasons that lead to weak immunity, including: infection with some genetic diseases, some types of infections, taking certain types of medications, pregnancy, And getting old, and many other reasons.

It is indicated that there are two types of weak immunity, which we show in the following:

  • Primary immune weakness: It means the immunodeficiency that the person with it is born with, and it may be attributed to a genetic cause as it is transmitted from parents to children, i.e. from generation to generation, with the possibility of contracting this type of immune weakness without a genetic cause; It may appear suddenly in a person's life.
  • Secondary Immunodeficiency: Where the weakened immunity is the result of another cause or another pathological condition, such as infection with the human immunodeficiency virus, or as a result of an accident, or an operation that causes a wound in a particular organ that leads to weak immunity in the body, such as the spleen, for example.

Methods for diagnosing weak immunity

There are several ways in which symptoms of weak immunity are diagnosed, including the following:

Do blood tests to determine the levels of proteins and to measure the levels of blood cells and cells of the immune system. In the case if the numbers are abnormal, this indicates a defect in the immune system. Through blood tests, it is also known whether your immune system is responding properly or not. Prenatal checkups are done to check for certain types of immune disorders that may occur during a future pregnancy. Samples of blood or cells from the tissue that will become the placenta are examined for abnormalities. A DNA test to detect any genetic abnormality.

 Methods of treating symptoms of weak immunity

  1. Treating the symptoms of weak immunity depends on reducing the risk of infection, and treating it if it occurs, in addition to treating the causes of weak immunity, such as: ensuring that the patient is provided with the important elements missing from the immune system and paying attention to following some health guidelines related to daily life to protect and strengthen the immune system.
  2. The treatment methods also depend on the prevention of infection with infectious diseases, and their control in the event that they occur. If the person has a primary immunodeficiency disease, the treatment in such a case is to compensate for the deficiency in the work of the immune system according to the condition of the affected person, and the patient is usually treated with immune globulin to compensate for it. He needs lymphocytes.
  3. stem cell transplant
  4. Prescribe antiretroviral drugs in the event that there is an immunodeficiency caused by human immunodeficiency infection, if the patient does not suffer from the aforementioned immune diseases, but complains of recurring infections; Like the flu, here it is necessary to see a doctor to check the integrity of the immune system.

 In order to protect yourself from the symptoms of weak immunity, you must follow these tips, which include:

  1. Make sure to eat healthy foods that are high in nutrients, vitamins and minerals such as magnesium and selenium.
  2. Regular exercise that strengthens the immune system and regulates breathing rates to maintain the health of the body and its internal organs.
  3. Maintaining good social status, which improves mood and thus improves health.
  4. Attention to taking sufficient periods of good sleep for a period of at least 8 continuous hours per day, because this works to strengthen the immune system.
  5. Make sure to take the recommended vaccinations.
  6. Quit Smoking.
  7. Avoid exposure to stress, psychological stress, and depression, because this suppresses the immune system.
  8.  Pay attention to personal hygiene to prevent infection with various diseases, germs and microbes that infect the body.
  9. Do not eat too much sugar, because it may increase the incidence of diseases.
  10. Maintaining an ideal weight and avoiding obesity and overweight are among the factors of exposure to immune diseases.
  11. It is necessary to stay away from sources of pollution and toxins, such as pesticides, and inhale polluted air such as uranium.
  12.  Avoid alcoholic beverages that reduce the risk of autoimmune diseases.

 At the end of this article, we recommend seeking medical help if there are any changes in the nature of the body and feeling the symptoms of weak immunity that were mentioned earlier, as the treatment at Duxpert Health focuses primarily on the diagnosis and treatment of weak immunity, and how to control the symptoms of weak immunity .

It was also clarified in this article about ways to treat symptoms of weak immunity and its most important causes through Duxpert Health, and if you encounter any question or inquiry, do not hesitate to send it to be answered as soon as possible.

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