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What is information technology?

Information technology can be defined as a set of tools, methodologies, processes and equipment that are used to collect, process and store information. Examples of these tools are: coding, programming, storage and retrieval, analysis, systems control, and data transformation. Information technology also includes: office automation, communications, multimedia, and information technology is the tool by which information can be stored and processed within the system, in addition to including everything related to computers, networks, software, websites, databases and communications.

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What are the components of an IT system?

The information technology system aims to provide the appropriate information to the user. It collects and processes data and then transmits the information to the end user of the system. Shortening IT system into five components:

  • Computer components.
  • Computer Programs.
  • wired and wireless communication.
  • Databases and data stores.
  • Human Resources.

What are the uses of information technology?

Technology has developed to a large extent and entered all aspects of human life, and this is what distinguishes information technology from providing comfort and facilitating life, and there are many uses of information technology in the following areas:

The role of information technology in education

The introduction of information technology into the education system through the use of mobile phones and tablets in addition to computers and others. Information technology also provides a distance learning system. The teacher can continue to provide lessons to students who use the Internet through digital technologies, communication between teacher and student is through video calls, file sharing, etc., which makes the idea of ​​​​interruption of education very limited.

The role of information technology in the economy

Information technology has played an important role in the economy, as it has created and will continue to create many job opportunities in the field of information technology, which is one of the broadest and largest fields of work, and it also contributes significantly to increasing GDP growth. Through e-commerce, in addition to the industries created by new technology such as the application industry, it also contributed greatly to business innovation, as most companies are present on the Internet and market themselves through social networking sites.

The role of information technology in health

The emergence of (information technology) in the health care sector has led to significant improvements in it. Doctors in their offices send and receive medical information from doctors they previously worked with, saving the doctor time for patients if he were to use paperwork instead of a computer. Hospitals also have digital tools almost everywhere, from virtual care machines to networks that store clinical data, patient data, test results, and more.

The role of information technology is entertainment

(Information technology) has provided many avenues for entertainment, there are many (internet sites) that offer video streaming, that show documentaries, series, etc., and technology has provided electronic games in which players play together from all over the world, in addition to That there are some museums that provide the feature of virtual tours, which allows the visitor through their website to visit the museum via a virtual tour.

The role of information technology in home life

In addition to what information technology offers at home from the ways of entertainment that were mentioned earlier, the importance of information technology lies in home life as it also provides good infrastructure and applications for communication between people while sitting at home, there are some applications that provide communication through calls Video and audio, some by messaging only and some by sharing only.

The importance of information technology in education lies in the fact that it provides a distance learning system, it has also provided many job opportunities and contributed to increasing GDP, new industries and commercial innovation, and contributed to the health sector in providing patient information storage networks, and provided means of communication between people In addition to sites showing movies, series, electronic games and virtual tours.

What are the advantages of information technology?

As mentioned earlier, information technology plays an important role in life, as its great development has affected all aspects of life; Social, economic, political and others. There are many advantages of information technology that indicate the extent of its need at this time, including:

  1. Saving information and protecting it from damage or loss in case there are security systems to protect it
  2. Automated processes, which work to get more work done.
  3. Communication that provides easier means of communication between company employees, customers, supervisors and others.
  4. Telecommuting, employees can work from home remotely through IT systems.
  5. Globalization and reducing the cultural gap between the whole world.

There are many advantages of information technology, it helps in preserving and protecting information, in automated processes and communications, and allows employees to work remotely, as it has worked to reduce the cultural gap in society.

What are the downsides of information technology?

People often use information technology to a large extent through social networking applications, and in a study conducted in 2018 AD in Britain, it was found that there is a relationship between the use of social media and delaying sleep or reducing its hours, and this leads to memory loss and is linked to depression. Poor academic performance, in addition, it also directly affects users' physical health more than other effects, as anxiety and depression can turn into headaches, muscle tension, nausea and tremors.

In addition, there are many other negatives of IT, including:
  1. Implementation and maintenance costs.
  2. The lack of manpower in the labor sector, which leads to a decrease in available job opportunities.
  3. The possibility of the stored information being exposed to security breaches.
  4. Loss of traditional communication skills as a result of the spread of communication via e-mail and other means.
  5. Information security issues, because some people share their personal information, which may be used by some to threaten them or sell it to competing companies.
  6. Get lower quality products when shopping online. When buying, the buyer finds that the standard of products does not match what he expects

There are some downsides (to IT), including cost of implementation and maintenance, lack of job opportunities, potential hacking of stored information, loss of communication skills, exposure to information security issues, and inferior products due to online shopping.

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