Statue of Liberty
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The Statue of Liberty is a towering monument in Paris sculpted by French sculptor Frédéric Bartholdi with the help of engineer Gustave Eiffel, who oversaw the construction of the iron structure. And tourists in 1886, and the design of the statue appears in the form of a woman holding a torch in her right hand, and in her other hand is a plaque bearing the date of July 4, 1776, the date of the Declaration of Independence from the United States.
Location and size of the Statue of Liberty
The statue is located on Liberty Island in New York Bay. It is located 600 meters from Jersey City, New Jersey and 2.5 kilometers southwest of Manhattan, with a total area of 49,000 square meters (12 acres).
History of the Statue of Liberty
Create the Statue of Liberty
France recently sent to the United States a miniature copy of the Statue of Liberty that is kept in the Museum of Arts and Crafts in the French capital, Paris, to be erected on Ellis Island in New York during the Independence Day celebrations on the Fourth of July next.
After that, this copy will be sent to the American capital, Washington, to be installed in front of the residence of the French ambassador there for the next decade.
Also at this time in 1885, the Statue of Liberty arrived in New York from France as a gift from the French people to the United States on the occasion of the centenary of the American Revolution.
The statue was erected in 1886 in a prime location overlooking New York Bay, to welcome all visitors to the state, whether tourists or immigrants.
The Statue of Liberty symbolizes a woman freed from the shackles of tyranny and thrown to one of her feet. This woman holds in her right hand a torch symbolizing freedom, while in her left hand she holds a book engraved in Latin letters "July 4, 1776", the date of the American Declaration of Independence.
History of Liberty Island
Liberty Island: is a small uninhabited island in New York Harbor in the United States, known as the site of the Statue of Liberty. Although named since the beginning of the twentieth century, its name did not become official until 1956. In 1937, by Proclamation No. 2250, it was expanded under President Franklin Roosevelt to include the whole of Pedlow Island, and in 1956 by law it was officially called by Congress that. It became part of the National Register of Historic Places, Ellis Island and Liberty Island in 1966. The island has been closed to the public since Hurricane Sandy in October 2012.
The need for maintenance and restoration work arose on the Statue of Liberty, and the President of the United States, Ronald Reagan, commissioned the Chairman of the Board of Directors, Mr. Lee Iacocca, to manage the work of raising funds and private donations for the restoration of the Statue, and the partnership between the Department of National Parks and the Statue of Liberty Island Foundation was achieved. Ellis. This public-private partnership was valued at approximately $87 million to begin restoration work in 1984.
The committee supervising the restoration of the statue was formed of French and American civil engineers and architects. The damaged upper part of the torch is in a replica of the old part, and restoration work continued until the statue was reopened to the public on July 5, 1986 AD.
Statue of Liberty design
The structure of the Statue of Liberty
There is approximately 250,000 pounds of iron in the Statue of Liberty's structure, and there is an armed forces iron frame behind the outer hull and a similar design consisting of about 1,300 iron rods 1.6 cm thick and 5.1 cm wide and weighing about 9.07 kg, plus approximately 80 tons of copper plates With a thickness of 0.61 cm in the form of 300 pieces, the plates were joined together by a molding process.
The interior of the statue includes a double spiral staircase to the top of the structure, which rests on four plinths connected by nine horizontal buttresses and inclined cross arches. With iron with a layer of asbestos to prevent corrosion of the two metals, taking into account the possibility of free movement of the separate metals to suit different weather conditions such as changes in temperature.
Dimensions of the Statue of Liberty
The total mass of the statue is 225 tons, the waist circumference of the statue's structure is 10.67 meters, the total height from the bottom base to the upper end of the torch is 93 meters and 15 cm, the height between them is the heel of the woman's body to the top of her head 33.83 m and 15 cm, the height between the top, the base and the upper end of the torch 46.05 m, the distance between the floor and the pedestal is 46.94 m, the length of the palm of the woman’s hand is 5 m, the length of the right arm is 12.80 m, the width is 3.66 m, the length of the index finger is 2.44 m, the distance between the bottom of the hand. The width of the chin and the top of the skull is 5.26 meters, the width of the head is 3.05 meters, the width of the eyes of the statue is 0.76 meters, the length of the nose is 1.37 meters, and the width of the mouth is 0.91 meters. The board that the woman is holding is 7.19 m long, 4.14 m wide, and 0.61 m thick.
Statue of Liberty color
The famous Statue of Liberty appears today in bluish green, but it appeared in shiny brown like the color of a coin when it was first opened in 1886 AD, and it remained on that until it turned green in 1906 AD, and the reason for the change in the statue’s color is due to the presence of hundreds of copper chips covering the outer surface of its structure, and over time these copper foils interacted with the air, and this reaction led to their formation. Chemical layer called patina. The Statue of Liberty has great symbolic value.
It was introduced from France to America as an expression of the strength of the historical alliance between the two countries, and symbolizes the migration of populations from all over the world to the United States, as well as a sign of freedom, peace, and humanity. rights, combating the phenomenon of slavery, and emphasizing democracy. The torch illuminates the Statue of Liberty to the fact that achieving freedom cannot be achieved without the presence of light and light; Seeing freedom and knowing its existence is only a means to achieve it, as evidenced by the crown above the woman’s head in the Statue of Liberty, a crown consisting of seven pointed heads, and this is a reference to the seven seas. Around the world, the seven continents that make up the world. Freedom is a universal idea that should be present in all countries of the world, and this crown or diadem also denotes the sun's rays, and in it is a reference to the statue of Rhodes who was considered the sun god in ancient times.
The Woman's Handbook of Laws, in which the date of the Fourth of July, 1776 appears, indicates that regulations and laws contribute to the protection of liberty. Worn by the woman in the statue, it refers to the Roman goddess of freedom, and indicates a return to the ideals of the ancient era; It is similar to the robe worn in ancient Rome and Greece, as well as the appearance of a broken cuff at the feet of the Statue of Liberty, which signifies the liberation of the United States of America from the island's political oppression. Europe.
Climb the Statue of Liberty
The Statue of Liberty is very popular with visitors to New York City, America, and visitors can enjoy a wonderful experience by climbing to the huge crown that tops the head of the statue, where they can buy and book tickets for this before arriving on the island and when they arrive at the statue they can enter from the base on which the statue is based. Freedom, upwards 377 steps through a narrow double spiral staircase 46 cm wide to reach the top of the crown at the top, of which 146 steps from the top of the pedestal to the crown which has a row of windows that open and close at specific times, allowing visitors to view the book that Women carry it and their hair, too, as well as scenic views of the city skyline, Brooklyn boroughs, Lower Manhattan, Staten Island, Verrazano Bridge, and other New York City landmarks and areas.
The Statue of Liberty Museum The Statue of Liberty Museum was opened for the first time on September 11, 2001, and the museum includes artifacts and collections that express the history of the famous statue, and visitors and tourists can enter the museum without the need for security clearance restrictions or additional reservations and tickets. The museum is rich with its three main exhibits; They are: Immersive Theatre, Engagement Gallery, and Inspiration Gallery, and each of these exhibits include interactive ways to educate and inspire visitors to the Statue of Liberty. It is worth noting that the Statue of Liberty Museum receives approximately 4.3 million visitors annually.
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- The Statue of Liberty in Odiba: This statue is located in Odiba on Tokyo Bay in Japan. It is similar to the original statue and is surrounded by stunning views from every direction. It was established in 1998 with a length of 11.89 m. An indication of the strength of relations between France and Japan.
- Statue of Liberty in Bordeaux: There is a statue in the French city of Bordeaux similar to the original Statue of Liberty, created by sculptor Bartholdi in 1888, but this statue has been subject to many damages and fires throughout its long history.
- Statue of Liberty in Veznes: The small Norwegian village of Veznes houses the Statue of Liberty Similar to the Statue of Liberty in New York, but smaller in size, this statue is one of the most prominent landmarks in the Norwegian village.
- The Statue of Liberty in Lviv: The city of Lviv is located in Ukraine, and includes the Statue of Liberty with a distinctive design, where the woman is shown sitting on either side of her legs. Located in the State Museum of Ethnography, this statue was designed by Polish sculptor Leandro Marconi.
- Statue of Liberty - Salvador Dali: This magnificent statue was found in Vascal, France. Designed by artist Salvador Dali in 1972. It differs from the original statue of the woman holding two torches in both hands.
- The original Statue of Liberty model: The French city of Paris houses a replica of the Statue of Liberty in New York. This statue is located in the Musée des Arts et Métiers and was designed by sculptor Frederic Bartholdi.
- Statue of Liberty in Rio de Janeiro: The El Banjo neighborhood in the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro includes the Statue of Liberty, which was established in 1899 AD. To celebrate the anniversary of the country's independence.
- Composite Statue of Liberty: This statue is located in the Danish city of Billund.
- The Statue of Liberty in Araba: This statue is located in the city of Araba in Palestine, and its length is 4.57 m, and it is considered one of the prominent tourist attractions in the city.
- Mausoleum of the 72 Martyrs: This historical landmark is located in the Chinese city of Guangzhou. It contains 72 tombs of people who died during the revolution in the early twentieth century. The Statue of Liberty was established in that place as an expression of the struggle for freedom.