Ancient Civilizations:- It is a general term, referring to the civilizations and renaissance that existed in the ancient world (Europe, Asia and Africa), and before the discovery of the Americas; That is, the civilization that was founded since 3,000 BC.
Where everyone knows some ancient civilizations, whether through studying the history of ancient civilizations in schools, or through history books or famous films about valuable civilizations, or from television shows of “discovery or history” channels, such as “National Geographic Abu Dhabi or Al-Bay NBC or NOVA Public Radio".
The civilization of ancient Egypt, the civilization of ancient Rome, the civilization of ancient Greece and other civilizations... Each civilization has been covered amazingly again and again, in books, magazines, TV shows and online platforms. But there are many intriguing and lesser-known civilizations out there - here's an admittedly biased selection, and let's take a look at the 10 most incredible ancient civilizations.
10: The ancient Vinca civilization, women's passion for fashion
The Vinca civilization proves that women have been wearing clothes to impress, for at least 7,500 years. That is, according to the Neolithic statues, which were found at the archaeological site of Plocnik in Serbia.
Recent excavations at this site, once part of the largest prehistoric civilization in Europe called the Vinca Civilization, point to an ancient city with a great degree of sophistication, and an extraordinary lust for fashion. The Neolithic settlement lies in a valley, deep in the wilderness of what is today modern Serbia. The statues unearthed here show beautifully dressed young women in mini skirts and short shirts, and even wear bracelets around their arms.
The ancient tribe that made these statues is unknown, but they certainly lived between 5400 and 4700 BC. They practiced art and mining, and built a thermal well near their settlement, which may be the oldest spa in Europe.
According to the local archaeologist "Julka Kuzmanovic-Cvetkovic", they also produced about 60 different pottery and figurines, to represent their deities and perhaps just because they loved art.
But how could the tribe be so unknown when they were part of the Vinca civilization? That's because we know that culture flourished in what is today Bosnia, Romania, Serbia and Macedonia from 5500 to 4000 BC.
The culture (Vinca civilization) is named after a small village near Belgrade, where archaeologists found eight Neolithic villages. These were all part of the mysterious Finca culture, one of the oldest in Europe, but scholars don't actually know the names of the individual tribes, who their leaders are, or even the deities they worship. We just know they really loved fashion!!
9: Unknown Civilization
Archaeologists working in Turkey have just discovered previously unknown people who may have played a major role in the ancient world. They ruled a large part of what is today Turkey, and if archaeological evidence is to be believed, they defeated the infamous King Midas.
a ticket? He was said to have the "golden touch" where everything turned to gold! "We had no idea what this kingdom was," Professor James Osborne of the Oriental Institute recorded. It was completely unknown!! But everything changed when a farmer found a strange big stone on his property. He was digging in a nearby canal when he found the stone and noticed mysterious writings on it. At the time of its discovery, there were researchers nearby exploring a prehistoric hill site. So, tell them about it and they come to have a look.
What they found shocked them to the core! The stone was coming out of the water, and they had to wade into the channel to the waist to examine it. Archaeologists immediately recognized the writing on the stone as Luwian, an ancient language spoken in both the Bronze Age and Iron Age Turkey. It turns out that the inscription was written by" an unknown king named Hartabo", and he was bragging about how he defeated King Midas and the kingdom of Phrygia.
Given that Phrygia and King Midas were very powerful in their time, whoever these ancient people were, led by the mysterious King Hartabo, must have been extremely fierce. So what happened to these powerful lost people? Why haven't we heard of them before?? And that, my friends, is still a mystery!
8: The Gladiatrix - Facts about Roman gladiators who were women
Most people do not know (the facts of the Roman gladiators), the (Roman gladiator battles) were a group of ancient people called the Gladiatrix. They were not a race of people or a by-product (of an ancient civilization). Instead, females were equivalent to male Roman gladiators:
Female gladiators or gladiators will fight against each other or wild animals during arena games and celebrations.
But don't get too excited just yet, because these ladies in the ring aren't quite treated like the female fighters of today. There wasn't even a Latin word for the term, it's a modern term made up.
The tulip play began as a humiliating event or banter to entertain the spectators, who were mostly men. In fact, they were considered very rare. The Roman poet Decimus Junius Juvenalis said that the Gladiiatrix trained using the same methods and weapons as their male counterparts, although no records are found in any of the training schools (Roman gladiator battles) that speak of women.
But here things get really weird with Gladiatrix. Unlike gladiators who were often slaves, gladiators could be women of any class, high and low. It seemed that any woman who wanted to fight could be trained and left in the arena.
This continued until about AD 200 when Emperor Septimius Severus banned women from entering the arena, claiming that too many jokes were made about upper-class women, so no more women were allowed to participate in the games.
7: Learn about the ancient Nuragic civilization
Archaeologists have discovered structures, tombs, artifacts, and statues, yet there is a huge gap in Nuragic's knowledge. We know that they lived during the "Bronze Age and Iron Age", and that their most famous tower was the "Nuragi Towers". There are about 7,000 of these constellations scattered throughout Sardinia, although at the time when the ancient civilization was thriving, there were probably as many as 30,000 on the island. That's a lot for a limited space!! The towers were all circular, each with its own flat roof, and the oldest found tower dates back to the 18th century BC.
The issue of the use of the towers is still under discussion, with some saying that they were used as rooftops and others that they were used as balconies. Perhaps they were dwellings or just silos for storing liquids and dry foods. It is hard to say that some of them reach a height of 90 feet. Besides the towers, Nuragic left behind gigantic megalithic tombs, each crammed with dozens of corpses and several hundreds of graves in a single tomb. Some of these burial chambers go 60 feet underground.
Scholars believe that Nuragic believed that their dead would turn into deities when buried deep in the earth. But as to what the ancient Nuragic civilization believed in, no one really knows. They lived on the island for 5,000 years and then mysteriously disappeared for unknown reasons, before the Carthaginian conquests in the 6th century BC.
6: From the strangest ancient civilization Indus Utopía
The ancient Indus Utopía civilization flourished for nearly 700 years, without a single war. Archaeologists have referred to this ancient civilization as the first heaven on earth. They had no inequality, no property, no weapons, and apparently had no means of defending themselves, for it seemed that they had no need.
They also had 54 cities that were ruled by educated officials, and a prince who was elected to serve for life. These people did not see any glory in combat, and were probably the first practitioners of Hinduism. The Indus Utopía civilization lived between 2600 to 1900 BC, and they occupied nearly 1,000 settlements in what is today Pakistan, Afghanistan, and India.
The remains of the Indus Utopía civilization were only recently discovered in the 1920s, with all indications pointing to a highly advanced society and one of the greatest in history. They had a trading network that extended to the Arabian Sea, and archaeologists even found artifacts from the utopian Indus civilization in Mesopotamian cities such as Akkad and Ur.
The largest cities of the Indus were Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, and although they were built thousands of years ago, they were very advanced even by today's standards. They had properly planned streets, sewage systems that really worked, and a massive brick water tank called the Great Bath, which should be considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
The Indus Valley Civilization even discovered the written word, creating its highly obscure text that has left archaeologists baffled as they cannot decipher it. Unfortunately, society fell off the map about 4,000 years ago, and no one knows why. Other civilizations may have seen their peaceful ways, fought a war with them and destroyed them, but the reasons are still obscure until now.
5: Learn about the Achaemenid Persian Empire (550-330 BC)
Achaemenid Empire When the Assyrians were building their new empire, a group of tribes were settling in what is today Iran. These people were breaking away from their ancient nomadic lifestyles to start cities. The tribes came together and formed what we know today as the Achaemenid Empire or the First Persian Empire.
Founded by "Cyrus the Great" and it reached its peak under Xerxes I - you know, the evil man from the movie 300, Xerxes conquered almost all of ancient Greece, until he captured the city of Athens in 480 BC!! At that point, the civilization of the ancient Achaemenid Empire extended all over the Balkans, and as far as the Indus Valley, where the Indus civilization once flourished which I just told you about..
One of the reasons the ancient Achaemenid Empire was so impressive, is that the world had never seen an empire this big!!! It covered an area of about 2.1 million square miles - surprisingly even more!!! It arose simply because of the Iranian tribes that settled in what became known as Persia in the seventh century BC.
In just 300 years, the tribes have transformed into the greatest empire or one of the greatest ancient civilizations in the world.
But other than conquering almost everyone, what was the Achaemenid Empire famous for? Well, they started making roads all over the world, they started the first postal system, and they were among the first people to have an official language in all of their regions.
They also developed civil services, maintained the largest standing army on the planet, and became an inspiration to Alexander the Great, many years later when he invaded the Achaemenid Empire in 330 BC. And now it's at number 4, but first I wanted to give a big shout-out to McGirard Alvarado and Romeo Thiam!.
4: Trade or diplomacy? Learn about the ancient civilization of Dilmun
The Empire of Dilmun, an ancient civilization located in the Arabian Peninsula, is significantly less well known than other major civilizations, which arose around the same time, such as Mesopotamia and ancient Egypt. Today, the ruins of the ancient Dilmun civilization can be found in Bahrain.
But what's really interesting about Dilmun is that it was kind of a mythical place in antiquity. In the Epic of Gilgamesh, arguably the first great literary work ever written, the hero must search for Ut-napishtim to gain immortality, and Ut-napishtim descends from Dilmun. Dilmun is mentioned in the legend of Enki and Ninhursag as well, where the nation is depicted as an earthly paradise.
But the Dilmun civilization was by no means legendary. It was a very real ancient civilization, found even in the records of Sumer and Babylonia. The people of Dilmun also traded with the people of the Indus Valley. But tracking down the actual archaeological evidence has been a little trickier. Dilmun was certainly part of Bahrain but also extended to Kuwait and Saudi Arabia.
Excavations in the 1950s revealed an ancient port that may have been the capital of Dilmun near the present-day village of Saar, definitively removing any doubt that Dilmun was indeed one of the first major civilizations.
3: India's Illuminati Ancient Civilization
Illuminati civilization In India, there was once a secret order for people in India, not many people have heard of today. This secret worship preceded any evidence of the Illuminati. The group was founded by "Emperor Ashoka" around 270 BC. Ashoka ruled the Maurya dynasty in India and is considered one of the greatest Indian rulers in the history of Asian civilizations.
As the legend goes, Ashoka formed the secret society of The Nine Unknown. Nine unknown men were chosen to keep the secret knowledge, preventing it from getting into the hands of the public. Each person was given a powerful book of knowledge to memorize and preserve. Some claims that the books contain information on things like time travel, aliens, and other discoveries that could spark panic if people were unleashed.
But what happened to these nine unknown men? It is believed that they kept their books of knowledge until a time when they needed successors. After that, each member found someone else worthy of the transfer of responsibility, and this has been happening for more than 2,000 years.
There is absolutely no evidence for this except for rumors and obscure historical records, but that's how the legend goes.
2: ancient Nok civilization
The ancient Nok civilization lived in what is today Nigeria. Nigeria is one of the most populous countries in Africa, today and one of the most powerful, this history of strength and perseverance goes back thousands of years since the ancient Nok civilization.
The Nok civilization was one of the first cultures in Africa to master the iron industry. They left behind amazing monuments of artistic value, and some wonderful terracotta sculptures. However, not much is known about these people or their belief system.
According to National Geographic, the Nok culture existed between 500 BC to AD 200.
They grew crops, discovered how to use iron tools, and perfected the art of carving. Until 1943, this culture was completely unknown even to the local population. Near the modern city of Nuuk, archaeologist Bernard found statues of human heads
- Human statues with huge triangular eyes that look like aliens.
These strange carvings are found throughout an area of about 30,000 square miles. Archaeologists have even analyzed the clay used to build the sculptures, and determined that all clay came from a single source that may have been controlled by a central authority. As for the ruins - well, not many were found. The origin of the ancient Nok civilization remains a mystery, as nothing but their strange carvings have been found.
1: Ancient Hegra Civilization in Saudi Arabia
The ancient civilization of Hegra is an ancient city in Saudi Arabia; Much like Petra in nearby Jordan. It is an impressive ruin carved into the side of a huge rock in the middle of a barren desert. The ruin was left by an ancient civilization known as Nabatiyeh.
If you haven't heard of these people before, you're not alone. Although one of the most interesting ancient civilizations, the ancient Hegra civilization flourished throughout the Arabian Peninsula, not much is known about them. They lived in the desert and practiced a Bedouin lifestyle, even turning into merchants, controlling the spice trade that passed through the Arabian Peninsula, to places like Egypt and Mesopotamia.
Those ancient Hegra people drove camel caravans full of peppercorns, sugar and cotton across the desert, to be traded in the Mediterranean kingdoms. The Nabataeans were also suppliers of things like frankincense and myrrh, which were essential for religious ceremonies in the far west. These people thrived in the desert from about 400 BC until AD 100. Everything was going well until the Roman Empire annexed a large part of their lands, and absorbed the Nabateans. By the time the Roman Empire fell, Nabatiyeh was a distant memory.